“The Death of Jesus & Our Redemption”

Posted on April 11, 2009. Filed under: Doctrinal Sermons |

“The Death of Jesus & Our Redemption”

Sunday 4-6-03 AM


Introduction: What is Redemption?

I. Redemption and the Ancient World

II. Redemption and the Hebrews

III. Our Need for Redemption

IV. Christ Our Redeemer



Introduction: Last week we began a sermon series on the message of the death and resurrection of Jesus in order to help prepare our hearts for Easter. The sermon last Sunday was on Anticipating the Cross and we examined two Old Testament stories that pointed forward to the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross. This morning we shall study the The Death of Jesus and Our Redemption looking at a variety of passages throughout the Bible.

            What does redemption mean to you? The word redemption is used in our society in 3 ways primarily. 1)In the sporting world if a good player has a bad game, or goes into a slump, but then comes out of it in a big way and wins a game by his efforts, he is said to have redeemed himself. If you make some kind of a mistake but then you recover quickly, you have redeemed the situation. 2) If you get the S&H Green Stamps or something similar, or if you clip the coupons from the newspaper, you can redeem them for something that is valuable or for a lower price on your groceries. 3) The third use of the term redemption is the religious sense which we will be discussing this morning.

            The main idea I want you to learn this morning is that Jesus has redeemed you from slavery to sin by paying the redemption price with his blood. You, therefore are not your own, you belong to Jesus!


I. Redemption and the Ancient World

            Most people in most of the world for most of time have been slaves, serfs, peasants or so disastrously poor that they were just barely sustaining life. In ancient Greece and Rome the majority of the populations were actually slaves instead of citizens. Why were there so many slaves? In ancient warfare the victorious army would end up capturing a lot of the enemy army as POWs and capturing entire cities, even whole regions or countries. Many, even most of these captives would become slaves to the conquerors.

            If you captured a lot of the average foot soldiers, they would be good slaves in the mines or fields of the victorious nation. But what if you captured a general or even a king? That captive is worth more than the small price you could fetch on the slave block for a farm working slave. Presumably that general’s nation or hometown would pay a big ransom to redeem the captive. You would inform that nation of your captive’s name and whereabouts and inquire about a ransom. There may be some haggling over the price but eventually you would settle and he would be redeemed.

            An average slave working in a household would earn a little bit of money that they could save and eventually they could pay the price of redemption and purchase their own freedom. The concepts of redemption and freedom are clearly linked. A person is enslaved until a ransom price is paid; the redeemed person is now freed.

            Dr. Leon Morris, a great Bible scholar from Australia writes, (The Atonement: its meaning and significance, InterVarsity Press: Downers Grove, Ill., 1983. p.108) “There were people whose rightful place was back there in the homeland, alongside their brothers. But by a cruel accident of war they had fallen into the power of a strong enemy. They could not break free. Left to themselves they would remain in captivity for the rest of their lives. If they were to be set free, money must be paid. For them to be restored to the place where they belonged they must be bought out of their captivity. This buying of prisoners of war out of their captivity was the basic idea of redemption.”


II. Redemption and the Hebrews

            When Paul and the other apostles wrote or spoke about redemption, they not only understood the cultural aspect to it, but they also had a biblical background from the OT that used that concept.

            In the book of Ruth you have not just a wonderful story of family devotion, you have the heart of the story dealing with the idea of Christ being our kinsman redeemer. Look at Ruth 3:9,12; 4:1-…Deut25 explains the role of the kinsman redeemer as one who would marry his brother’s widow so that the deceased man’s line and name would not vanish. It is a way of preserving a family, redeeming a dead man. It is important to understand that this type of redemption was an obligation within a family. Boaz gladly accepted this obligation and Ruth the Moabitess enters into the line of the Messiah.

            What does this have to do with us? Jesus acts as our kinsman redeemer! We are in danger of passing away because of our sin and he agrees to redeem us. This analogy and biblical type seems to place an obligation upon the Lord to redeem us. The obligation exists within the godhead as a pre-existing eternal covenant between the members of the trinity to save or redeem the elect. Before our creation God had a binding agreement with himself to save those whom he has chosen to save, to act as our kinsman redeemer. Do not think that this obligation on God’s part exists because of you. God is not obligated to save anyone based on their merit. God fulfills his commitment to himself, and we, like Ruth benefit from that sovereign choice by God. Now that is some pretty deep theology and it can make your head spin. Focus on this: like Boaz taking in Ruth, the Lord takes us into his family when we are merely impoverished, hell bound sinners. Redemption in this manner shows God to be consistent within himself and loving beyond degree to you and me.

            Look now at Ex.6:6. Here we see that redemption points to God delivering Israel from slavery in Egypt. Notice the power involved in this redemptive act- an outstretched arm and mighty acts of judgment. We examined the Passover last week as a foreshadowing of the cross of Christ; the entire Exodus is a glorious picture of redemption.

            Redemption of us sinners by Christ is an act of unparalleled power and sovereign might displayed by God for God’s glory and our benefit. We are helpless slaves to sin consigned to working for the devil/pharaoh. We are powerless to save ourselves but our redeemer dramatically saves us.

            Look at Ex15:13. Notice that God’s unfailing love, strength, and guidance are all associated with redemption. He is guiding us toward a holy and right relationship with himself. This is God’s redemptive purpose for you in Christ, to draw you to his holy mountain to have a worshipful relationship with him.

            In 2Sam7:22-23 we see God as the redeemer acting not under obligation as the kinsman redeemer but acting solely out of grace, choosing for himself a people out of the world to whom he would show himself to be the Redeemer.

The word for redeemed in this passage is a different Heb. word than in the other passages and Dr. Morris says, (p.116) “Where this verb is used there is no suspicion of obligation of any sort. It brings out the thought that God’s deliverance is always a matter of grace. Sinners can never say, ‘God must save me. He is obliged to do something for me.’ There is no necessity laid on God. He saves freely.”

            Look back at Ex30:12. Here we see clearly a ransom price was to be paid. Redemption is always associated with a cost, it is not cheap!


III. Our Need for Redemption

            Let’s look now at our need for redemption. John 8:31-35. Eph2:1,2.

            As slaves to sin we are under God’s holy wrath and are headed for hell. Heb9:27″Just as man is destined to die once and after that to face judgment.”


IV. Christ Our Redeemer

            Look at Mk.10:45. Jesus says he came to give his life as a ransom. The ransom is the redemption price. Now a question comes to mind, To whom did God pay the ransom? Some have said that the ransom was paid to the devil and that God tricked the devil. I think that is carrying the analogy too far. God did not pay the devil anything. Jesus acted as the ransom but God owed only himself.

            We are no longer slaves to sin when we have been redeemed we are free indeed. The paradox is shown in 1Cor6:19-20 We are owned by God and are not on our own. That is the definition of freedom. We are freed by the sacrifice of Christ on the cross and we are now owned by God. Freedom means we are enabled to do what God wants and commands and we now have the desire to do what God wants, through faith, for His glory.



Please remember, these are merely my notes, not a complete transcript.


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